How to Remove Old Stains from Upholstery

removing old stains from upholstery tips

Stains on highly trafficked furniture are almost inevitable. They are usually highly visible too: you want to clean them properly. There isn’t one method for all, and the wrong approach can make a stain worse. In this article, we’ll go over common upholstery stains and how to clean them.

The History of Stains

Coffee, alcohol, juice, candy, cola, crayons, ice cream, ink—knowing what kind of stain you have is key to cleaning it successfully.

Fortunately most stains respond to a few basic treatments that use commonly available products:

remove stains with water

Water

The universal solvent.

how to remove stains with vinegar

Vinegar

An alkaline cleaning agent that works on acidic stains.

how to clean stains with vodka

Vodka

The alcohol in clear vodka can act as a solvent for oily stains. Of course, don't use colored vodka, which could make its own stain.

Fast guide of cleaning stains

guide to stains removing

Common Guidelines

Precautions

One general recommendation is for before a stain happens: keep the upholstery clean. Simple vacuuming is the easiest way to reduce dirt that can stain an area after a spill or during cleanup.

Thoroughly clean any crevices or folds where dirt collects. Use your vacuum’s upholstery attachment to go deep.

Remove pet hair that might be left over after vacuuming. Brush or tape off as much hair as possible, to keep it from becoming embedded in the fabric.

Tipping Point – What to Do First

The critical time for stain removal is the moments after it happens. Quickly blotting a stain offers the best chance for easy and complete restoration.

When initially blotting, press the stain without rubbing or brushing. Move from the outer edge inward to minimize coverage.

The Stain Family

Most upholstery stains fall into one of three groups:

Food and Beverages

This is the most common stain on upholstery, and one of the easiest to remove. A few food stains need special treatment, but most respond to simple soap and water.

Grease & Oil

These dark spots don't go away on their own. They attract dirt and bugs if left without treatment, and grow darker as they age. If you have a large spill, soaking up the oil is the first task: you don't want it to spread. Blot and clean from the outside in.

Wine & Berries

These delicious foods leave behind fluorescent splotches you can see from the mailbox, and their acidity makes them a bit unique. You'll wear out trying to soap these stains away. Instead, white vinegar is the magic ingredient.

Seeking professional Help

You need to know your limits. Some dyed or custom fabrics need special attention, as do antique materials. If you have a highly valued item, please seek the experience of a professional to clean it.

Know Your Fabric

A vast variety of fabrics are used for upholstery, ranging from natural to synthetic. The type of material stained determines the most effective treatment.

The easiest way to find out the right method of cleaning your upholstery is to check the tag attached. The tag should have a special fabric cleaning care code listed:

  • W: The fabric can be cleaned with water-based detergent.
  • S: Clean with a water-free product, like a dry cleaning solvent.
  • WS: May be cleaned with either a water-based or water-free cleaner.
  • X: Must be professionally cleaned. You can brush or vacuum it, but you must pay for stain treatment.

General Stain Cleaning

Most upholstery stains come from food and beverage spills, and may include a mix of oily residues.

how to remove Food & Beverage stains
how to remove grease and oil stains
how to remove Wine and Berries stains

Food & Beverage Stains

These are usually the easiest stains to get rid of, because most respond to simple soap and water.

Oil Stains

You can also use dish soap and gently rub it in with an old toothbrush. Blot it dry; repeat until clean.

Wine and Berries

There are a few good remedies for these vivid stains.

For wine stains, if the above doesn’t work for you, try mixing a half-teaspoon of laundry soap and a half-tablespoon of vinegar with 2 cups of cold water. Wet the stain, let it sit a moment, and blot it dry with a towel. Repeat as needed, and rinse with water to finish.

For berries and other fruit stains, mix one-half tablespoon of white vinegar with a third of a cup of rubbing alcohol and sprinkle it onto the stain. Blot the area dry, and repeat as needed.

10 Special Upholstery Stains

Some stains respond better to unique treatments. Here are specific remedies for the most common upholstery stains.

 

1. Removing Candy stains

how to clean candy stains

There are a few tips to dealing with this crusty menace. Start by gently removing as much as possible, using a dull knife if necessary. Don’t try to pull the dried candy from the upholstered area, because it can damage the fabric.

Wet the area with the general soap-and-water solution, and let it sit between applications to soak the left-over candy particles before blotting. Rinse with plain water.

2. Removing Coffee stains from the upholstery

how to clean coffee stains

Coffee stains can take a few cycles to completely clean, but the process is the same whether the coffee had cream or not. Mix the general soap solution using cool water, and alternate wetting the stain and blotting it with a clean towel. Use plain water to rinse the spot when it’s clean.

You can use dry cleaning solvent instead. Wet the stain with the solvent and dab it dry.

3. How to clean Crayon stains from the upholstery

how to clean crayon stains

These marks have a wax component that defies soapy water. The big guns are needed: dry cleaning solvent.

Start by removing as much crayon as possible without damaging the fabric. If the wax is soft, harden it with an ice cube wrapped in a plastic bag. Sponge the stain with the solvent, and blot with a clean absorbent towel.

4. How to clean Felt-Tip Marker from the upholstery

how to clean felt-tip marker stains

This one can be a heart-breaker. If it’s a permanent marker it can’t be removed–and if you’re not sure, you’ll know soon enough. The cleaning process is a humdinger, too.

Add a tablespoon of white vinegar to the general soap and water solution, and wet the stain with the mixture. Let the solution sit for 30 minutes. Every five minutes, blot the area with a clean towel and rewet the stain. Finally rinse the stain by sponging it with clean water and blotting it dry.

The next step is to dab rubbing alcohol onto the stain and blot it out. If there’s still a stain remnant, repeat the first step using a warm water mixture of a teaspoon of liquid detergent and a tablespoon of ammonia.

5. How to clean Fountain Pen Stains from the upholstery

how to clean fountain pen stains

These hardy stains need a little more than soap and water. If you’re dealing with black or blue ink, drop the nice-guy stuff and grab some dry cleaning solvent. Wet the area and blot it dry, repeating until the stain is lifted.

Red ink is touchy and quieter remedies can get better results. Mix a quart of warm water with a half teaspoon liquid dish soap and a tablespoon of ammonia. Apply it to the red stain and let it soak for 15 minutes, and gently blot dry. Repeat and rinse with plain warm water. Dab as dry as possible.

Next, make another mixture of a quart of warm water and a tablespoon of white vinegar. Wet the stain with this solution and wait 30 minutes before blotting and rinsing. If you need a final option, oxygen or colorfast bleach can be applied carefully and sponged clean–after doing a fabric test

6. How to Remove Ice Cream Stains

how to clean ice cream stains

We all scream for ice cream when it’s all over the armrest. This is one of the easier cleanups, however: you can do the job with soap-and-water, just make sure the water is cool. If you’re so inclined, ice cream also cleans up with dry cleaning solvent.

7. How to Remove Makeup Stains

how to clean makeup stains

This stain does better with a combination approach. Begin by soaking the spot in a solution with a one-half teaspoon of liquid dish soap and a tablespoon of white vinegar mixed in a quart of warm water. Wait 15 minutes and rinse. Do for as long as the stain is getting cleaner, patting dry between cycles.

Apply rubbing alcohol to the stain, moving from the center out. If the stain is still visible, wet the spot with a solution made of a quart of warm water and a tablespoon of enzyme presoak. Rinse with plain water.

8. How to Remove Milk Stains

how to clean milk stains

This stain can be cleaned with the general soap solution, just remember to use cold water. After the stain is clean, do an extra cycle of wetting and blotting to make sure.

9. How to Clean Peanut Butter Stains

how to clean peanut butter stains

This is a surprisingly durable stain, because there’s oil involved.

Begin by sprinkling the spot with cornstarch or baking soda to soak up the oil. Vacuum it off after 15 minutes and follow up using dry cleaning solution.

10. How to Clean Tomato Products Stains

how to clean tomato products stains

Catsup, tomato juice, spaghetti sauce—these names bring fear when wrought by toddlers, but fortunately the alarmingly bright stains of tomato-based foods look worse than they are.

They clean up with general soap-and-water and a few tricks. First remove as much staining material as possible. Don’t press or rub the stain, just pick out any removable pieces with a dull knife to avoid damaging the fabric.

As an optional pre-treatment to fade the stain—and sometimes remove it entirely—you can lightly wet the area with lemon juice and let it soak for 15 minutes. You can use white vinegar if the stain is on white or colorfast fabric. Proceed with a general soap-and-water cleaning, and let the area dry away from heat or direct sunlight.

Conclusion

Stains on upholstery pose some challenges. They are often in an awkward spot or an area without firm backing, and you can only clean the fabric on one side. Prevention is worth a gallon of soapy cure, but accidents happen.

We can’t prevent stains yet, but we’ve gotten better at cleaning them into oblivion. Soak up a spill asap, check your fabric’s care, and reference the best cleaning methods—you’ll soon master the ancient skill in which achieving absolutely nothing is the highest reward!

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